Is the most important Date in European History any of these?
Was it the end of World War 2?
The end of bloody warfare,
concentrations camps, slavery and genocide,
mass slaughter of millions, and
the Atomic Bomb?
Was it the end of World War 1?
The end of four empires German, Russian, Austria-Hungary, Turkish Ottoman.
The rise of Hitler.
Was it the Magna Carta of 1215 in Great Britain?
The Great Charter of Freedoms laid the legal basis for due process of Law,
public freedom from autocratic powers of government,
limitation of taxes.
Was it the French Revolution or the Democratic Revolutions of 1848?
It was none of these.
None of these brought Europe its most precious gain, its attribute of most value. What s that?
All the famous dates in history did not bring that freedom from war and belligerent tyrants.
Our most important date is when
Europe began its happiest and most prosperous period in all its history. Do you know when, why and who originated it?
Be thankful you live in THE LONGEST PERIOD OF PEACE and PROSPERITY in all Western EUROPE’S HISTORY.
Proclaimed Father of Europe by the European Parliament !
1950 European Community & Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Western Europe’s FIRST three-quarters of a century of peace in all its history !
What happened on 9 May 1950?
The French Government under Prime Minister Georges Bidault agreed officially to Schuman’s Proposal for a European Community. It therefore became official Government policy and is known as the
SCHUMAN DECLARATION. FULL TEXT English Translation
It called on all European countries to join with it to form a European Economic Community whose main aim was to bring eternal peace to the peoples who had known war for more than 2000 years.
What is it all about?
CLICK on the links to find the answers!
What was the Purpose of the Schuman Proposal?
Did this mark the real birth of Europe?
The first declared purpose of the Schuman Declaration is PEACE
- The act is ‘primarily for peace and to give peace a chance.’
- The aim is to provide the first bases for World Peace.
- LAW would replace WAR among the Community states
Was the first Community to be open to all Europeans in East and West?
Was the first Community offered as an experiment or designed as a solid foundation and necessary first action to transform Europe as a whole?
Why was coal and steel so important?
- Coal and steel are essential for weapons of war
- The industries are also essential for development
- National industrial basins would now progress fairly and justly
- European industries can plan strategically without fear of being bombed in wars
- This peaceful example of cooperation would permeate Europe like leaven in bread dough
How would placing these industries under a supranational authority help?
- It would ‘fuse the essential national interests’
- It would make war ‘materially impossible’
- War would become ‘unthinkable’ amongst cooperating interests
- Increased cooperation is only the first step to other fruitful development
- Fair and just trade leads to economic unity
- It would act against the formation of cartels
What were the main principles of supranationality?
- The essential was to create an independent authority above corrosive nationalism
- Such blind nationalism leads to war
- The High Authority (= today’s European Commission) would provide independent arbitration for European problems
- The High Authority would itself be subject to law and justice
- The aim would be to serve all Europeans and the world
- National decisions made together with such independent arbitration would become enforceable international law
- Equality, open information systems, better treatment of workers
- Raising living standards, promoting peace, aiding developing countries
Was an aim of the Coal and Steel Community to create a single market?
Do a Common Market and a common currency figure in the proposal?
When did the French Government first propose to other European States to create European Democracy and a Customs Union?
- On 24 July 1948 Schuman, then Prime Minister, proposed both the European Parliament and a Customs Union
- This led to the Council of Europe as the Guardian of Europe’s Human Rights and the means to stop gangsters like the Nazis or Communists seizing power.
- The aim was to prevent a catastrophe like the Holocaust ever happening again
What is the chronology of Schuman’s work on Human Rights and elimination of war in Europe?
What are the five main democratic institutions of the European Community (as distinct from the present European Union).
- There are five main institutions allowing States, professional associations (trade unions, Enterprises, Consumers) and individuals to work together under the Rule of Law.
- The later treaties do not follow these democratic principles.
- All treaties should be investigated, analysed in the Council of Europe for adherence to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Author : David Heilbron Price